Geophysical Observatory Swider, Poland

Geophysical Observatory of the Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Otwock-Swider, Poland

52.11527778, 21.2375

Geophysical Obsrervatory Swider

The Geophysical 0bservatory at Swider is located 25 km South-Southeast of the capital, Warsaw, and 2.5 km North-Northwest of the Otwock town, a small resort and local administrative center (population 20, 000). The bounded premises of the Observatory, some 7 ha (0.7 km3) of the surface area, are overgrown by pine and deciduous trees with a few clearings.

Mean aerosol concentration  3 nm - 3 mm (last 5 years) -10,000 particles cm-3.

Ground radioactivity - very low.

Number of 24-hour long fair-weather days per year - 30% (mainly May-Sep).

Contact person
Full name
Marek Kubicki
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences

Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences
ul. Księcia Janusza 64
01-452 Warszawa
tel.: +48 22 6915-950
fax: +48 22 8776-722
e-mail: [email protected]


Measured variables

Title Name Sort descending Data type Date from Date to Time resolution Instrument manufacturer Location
Condensation nuclei CCN in-situ Ongoing 10 Minutes Condensation counter ground
Air-earth current density Jz in-situ Ongoing 1 Minute Wilson antenna ground
Meteorology Meteorology in-situ Ongoing 1 Minute PBL
Air conductivity Other (please specify) in-situ Ongoing 60 Minutes gerdien counter ground
Air pollution Other (please specify) in-situ Ongoing 1 Minute ground
Potential Gradient PG in-situ Ongoing 1 Minute Rotating dipole electric field mill ground
Potential gradient by radioactive collector PG in-situ 1 Minute Radioactive collector ground
Air radioactivity Environmental radioactivity in-situ Ongoing 10000 Minutes ground